Veiksniai, turintys įtakos laikinojo nedarbingumo trukmei Lietuvoje
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The aim of the paper is to determine factors that influence absence from work due to illness in Lithuania during 1991-2012, according to the method proposed by K. Alexanderson (1998) on national, public and individual levels. The data were taken from the State Social Insurance Fund Board and the Lithuanian Department of Statistics. On national level, absence from work due to illness was related to changes in the legal framework. Analysis of the data showed that the changes in absence from work due to illness is affected by employer obligations for sickness benefits, the state guarantees replacement and the insurance additional requirements, such as introduction of membership period. Another factor, which particularly affects absence from work, is the average annual temperature. On public level, household income and number of health care institutions had correlation with absence from work. On individual level, the significant correlation was found with education and marital status. Determination of the factors, which affect absence from work due to illness in Lithuania, presents the control system recommendations for improvements, provides useful information for control policy makers, practitioners and employers.
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