Lietuvos kultūrinių teisinių ištakų Europos kultūroje istorinė raida.
Lithuanian cultural traditions rooted during different historical epochs in Europe are analysed in article. The history of modern European states dates back to what the well known French historian Jacques Le Goff described as ,,Western medieval civilization“. Through these nations learned writing in their own languages, developing them in Latin tradition. Almost all European nations had joined the Latin cultural domain by the 11th century. Lithuania lagged behind the other Central European countries by some 400 years and found itself within the bounds of Latin civilization only in the 14th century. Lithuania was a latercomer to Latin Christendom. In the 9-11th centuries, Central and Northen European nations had to assimilate monasteryspread culture. Written language was not a determining factor in the development of a non-enlightened society. Meanwhile, Lithuania had to absorb the urban and university culture without written language had to establish a well-run industry of writing before integrating into Europe. While Bohemia and Poland took Latin civilization in small portions that became larger with time, Lithuania had to adopt it within a very short period. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a state of many nations, with the Belorussians making up the majority of its population. That is why, the Belorussian and Polish languages, not Lithuanian formed the foundation of written communication. Jogaila – grand duke of Lithuania and king of Poland – announced privileges to catholic nobility in 1387. It was a beginning of Lithuanian written law. Lithuanian schools were created spontaneously and the number of Lithuanian priests and teachers grew slowly – which predetermined the dominant role of the polish language.
- Straipsniai / Articles