Psichosocialinių krizių prevencija laisvės atėmimo sąlygomis
Based on theoretical basis of modernism, this research aims to explore the influence of institutionalizated subisolation of convicts in enclosed zones of penitentiaries. The research attempted to explore indicators of psychosocial crises of subisolated convicts, reveal the influence of psychological pain on the behavior of crisis-ridden subisolated convicts, and verify the basic blocking force of channels that should satisfy the needs of subisolated convicts, that is, psychological pain. The applied methods included analysis of scientific literature and documents, longitudinal (ten-year) observation, case analysis, interrogation, mathematical statistics, and triangulation. The research was granted permission (Oxford, USA, 2002) to adapt the tanatology professor E.S. Shneidman's suicidologic research, which analyses the influence of psychological pain on the behaviour of crisis-ridden subisolated convicts. Participants of the research: psychosocial crisis-ridden subisolated convicts, and suicidal convicts subisolated in solitary cells. The research results revealed the following: 1) the psychosocial pattern shame-humiliation was identified as a major primary reason for psychological pain; 2) accumulation of unsatisfied needs provokes psychological pain, which, unless need satisfying channels are freed from blocking harmful agents, becomes a blocking agent itself; 3) the hypothesis that it is possible to overcome psychosocial crises by removing psychological pain was substantiated. Conclusions: 1) the earlier indicators of psychosocial crises of subisolated convicts are identified, the more effective can be controlling of the crisis-ridden behaviour; 2) after introduction of conditions eliminating shame and humiliation, needs of subisolated convicts become harmonious and positively hierarchical; 3) meeting the needs of subisolated convicts leads to psychosocial health.
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