Tendencies in development of modern crime in Poland.
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The article deals with social, political and economic transitions in Poland after 1989 had a decisive impact on the dynamics of crime, its structure, and the appearance of new forms of criminal activities. New tendencies in the world, especially easy access to firearms, the opening of state borders and multidirectional migrations enabling the creation of multinational criminal connections have also had an impact on the roots and dimensions of crime. In 1989, 547 589 crimes were reported in Poland, whereas in 1998 this number was doubled and amounted to 1 073 042, and in 2002 it reached 1 404 229. The detection rate in the last years has oscillated between 47 and 50%. The changes in crime, which have occurred in consecutive years, have not meant merely a growth in the number of crimes. One can observe some transformation in each category. Since the beginning of the 90’s one observes a continuous, steady rise in the number of crimes, oscillating around 10–15% a year. As for the structure of offenses in Poland, acts of criminal character dominate above others, accounting for 82–86% of all offenses. Offenses that earlier had occurred on a marginal scale now have a tendency to growth; instances of such offences include unfair competition, money laundering, computer offenses. In the light of the latest police reports, the most important tendency observed in the last years is multicriminal activity of criminal groups, gaining turf in the field of illegal and legal economic activity, and connection with financial and goods beguilement, investing illegal gains in legal transactions...
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