ŽIV infekcija užsikrėtusių nuteistųjų šeiminiai ryšiai
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Sentence for imprisonment is always a challenge for family relations, and retention of those can be an important prerequisite for resocialisation of the convict. Therefore investigation of family relations in convicts turns to be topical taking into account that HIV infection of a family member increases even more the family stress experienced because of incarceration of the family member. Family relations and their influence on psychosocial status of the convicts have been only scarcely investigated. The present article includes the data of survey performed in 2004 involving 243 convicts, of which 105 had HIV infection. Survey methods were the questionnaire to find out the sociodemographics of the convicts and test sample to evaluate psychological characteristics of the convicts. Respondent groups are compared by family aspects, which prove statistically reliable differences among convicts with HIV and those not HIV infected in the field of family relations. Higher percent of non infected convicts maintain good and very good relations with their family (69,9 percent) as compared to those living with HIV (46.0 percent). Family influence on sense of coherence, stress coping, perceived support, quality of life and on various fields of life quality in convicts living with HIV has also emerged. The data presented in the article can be useful in improving family relations of convicts with HIV and, parallelly, in decreasing the risk of HIV spread.
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