Lietuvos Respublikos Seimo dalyvavimo svarstant Europos Sąjungos reikalus mechanizmas: kūrimas, modelis ir procedūros.
This article deals with the sources, drafting history and problems of recently created European Union affairs scrutiny model in Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania. The first part of the article is devoted to general questions of the role of national parliaments in EU and its various models, stressing that Lithuania’s model is strongly influenced by Nordic countries experience, in particularly, Finland. The general principles embedded in the Constitutional Act on Membership in European Union, Statute (Rules of Procedures) of Seimas, as well as new institutional changes in the structure of Seimas are explained and debated. The second part of the article examines, explains and illustrates various procedures of EU scrutiny model in Seimas. Special attention is paid to the procedure of preparation of national position with regard to the EU proposal to adopt legal acts that are related to the competence of Seimas. This procedure is the only procedure when the Committee of European Affairs and Committee of Foreign Affairs acts as „mandate“ committees and are empowered by Constitutional Act on Membership in the European Union to speak on behalf of Seimas expressing politically obligatory opinion to the Government on national position. This procedure also forms the rules that are applicable to other closely related procedures, such as consultation procedure with the Government, etc. The final part of the article analysis system and role of Seimas in subsidiarity control procedure and procedure of nomination of officers (e.g. Member of Commission) in the European Union by the member state. It is noted that the subsidiarity control procedure in Seimas is very innovative and already reflects the newest developments, embedded in the Treaty Establishing Constitution for Europe.
- Straipsniai / Articles