Vidaus rinkos apsaugos priemonių taikymas Lietuvoje.
After restoration of independence of Lithuania process of political and economic reforms started, one of its parts was endeavour for integration into the World Trade Organization in order to provide conditions for stable and reliable foreign trade policy, confidence of foreign trade partners and investors. Membership in this organization is the basis for trade liberalization which means both obligations of Lithuania and respective safeguard and guarantees in foreign trade as all members of WTO should adjust national legal acts regulating foreign trade and its policy with provision of WTO treaties and observe them strictly. Adjusting Lithuanian laws in market safeguard sphere with GATT provisions and EU laws three laws - Anti-dumping Law, Law on Countervailing Duties and Law on Safeguard Measures – were adopted. Anti-dumping measures are the most widely applied measures of market safeguard in the world. Countervailing measures are rarely applied, as it is difficult to substantiate product subsidisation, investigations are expensive. Practice of market safeguard measures in Lithuania corresponds to world tendencies entirely. Anti-dumping measures were applied in four cases, safeguard – once, countervailing measures have been never applied. Number of requests to apply trade safeguard measures was much greater, however, because of various reasons investigations never started. Often such requests lack proofs or show insufficient proofs to start an investigation. Some initiated investigations were reasonably suspended. The article considers in detail legal acts providing for certain market safeguard measures, analyses circumstances of their implementation.
- Articles / Straipsniai