Nedarbas ir nusikalstamumas Lietuvos kaime po 1990 metų.
Paulikas, Vygandas Kazimieras
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This article consists of comparing research of social development and crime rate in Lithuanian villages after 1990 year. The social development in rural Lithuania is compared to another EU and non EU states situation. The sample analysis of 25 village regions (seniūnijos) in Lithuania was based on comparative research of age groups, education, employment, unemployment, the size of households, possibilities to rent or to buy of land, drunkenness in rural areas, crime rate in rural Lithuania. In the majority of EU and another states in Europe in rural areas live about 50 percent in-habitants; in Scandinavian countries even more – about 67 percent. In Lithuania only one third part of all inhabitants live in rural areas, but majority of them (66 percent) are working in agriculture or forestry. In other EU countries the situation is opposite – only small part of rural inhabitants is working in agriculture or forestry. Even in Baltic States, e.g. in Estonia 1,5 times less (in compare to Lithuania) people in villages are working in agriculture or forestry. The education level in rural areas of Lithuania is quite high, but number of degrade persons in villages increased as well. The age structure in Lithuania shows the tendency of aging. Of course, the same problem is actual through all Europe; but the aging of rural population in Lithuania is extremely quick. That’s why less and less able-bodied population is in rural Lithuania. Together with this, the unemployment among rural population is big enough – 10–15 percent in our research sample.
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