Darbo laiko teisinio reguliavimo esmė ir dinamika.
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Working time is an important part of labour law. It reflects the fact that the very first convention of International Labour Organization designed to shorten it. It is tended to consider today that standard working time may not exceed 8 hours per day and 40 hours per week. 65 However, international labour law leads to different and flexible practices in different countries. Notwithstanding requirements of European Social charter (revised) and its Social Rights Committee conclusions, as well as authority of the International Labour Organization itself and its working time standards measured on the tripartite basis, today’s discussions in the European Union show that employees’ rights are not protected well enough even in the industrialised countries. An “opt-out“ clause, as well as practices of long reference periods witnesses that there is no unified understanding of working time standards. For example, there is still no answer what maximum working week time limit should be followed in cases of different exceptions, which are allowed by international legislation. Labour law in countries of other continents show even more diverse tendencies (Japan, the United States of America, etc).
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