The human work is being replaced by the technical progress and new technologies. It seems like the social cataclysms of Middle Ages revived: the miserable steam machines made much of people unemployed, took off their peace of bread, then the society had to face the social problems. The modern man of twenty first century is not able to avoid the revival of such a problem. While the unemployment rate was low, the social assistance was given and the unemployment allowances paid to families suffering unemployment, but the rising unemployment rate forced the society to take some cardinal measures – to enforce the unemployment insurance. The main issue of this article is the unemployment problem, its reasons, and possible means of fighting it. The unemployment insurance, which came into force on the 1st of January 2005, is the more progressive form or social security replacing the unemployment allowances. It is more acceptable both in psychological and economical aspects because the unemployment insurance may guarantee the unemployed persons under social risk the benefit of 700 – 900 Lt. ensuring their human existence in society.
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