Tarptautinis policijos bendradarbiavimas nacionalinio saugumo kontekste.
A short analysis of development of the police cooperation across the World and at the EU level is presented in this article with reference to the scientific surveys of certain authors. In order to determine the further development of the police cooperation at the EU level, the author analyses worldwide police cooperation establishing the reasons, which motivate such an cooperation, and giving reasons for the need of such a cooperation. Accordingly, in comparison with the trends of the police cooperation across the World, the development of the police cooperation at the EU level is presented. The article deals with the problems that the legal institutions encounter and according to it the models of possible police cooperation are determined here too. The need for police cooperation appears when transnational crimes are committed, that is when a crime is connected with two or more countries. In order to solve these emerging problems the cooperation of legal institutions has to overcome certain levels or limits moving from nonofficial cooperation to institutional one or distinguishing the cooperation between the old and new systems. Three types of international police cooperation levels are distinguished: macro, meso– micro–. The cooperation of legal institutions can also be separated into three steps: the adjustment of intercourse among the countries; adaptation of systems of different countries to one another; coordination towards general standard. In global context, the police cooperation can remain only at one level where the main goal is considered to be only exchange of the information and the key problem for the cooperation is believed to be the global scale of activity.
- Articles / Straipsniai