Pasitikėjimas teismu: kai kurie teismo veiklos viešumo aspektai.
Although the complication of interrelation between the judidary and the members of general publics is to the certain extent determined by the mere nature of the judicial activities, namely thepublic confidence in the judidary is a criterion directly determining the level of positive communication between the members of the society and courts. Recent surveys ofpublic opinion in Lithuania still reflect dissatisfactory results concerning the public confidence in judidary which enablcs the author to declare that there is a problem of miscommunication between them. Taking into account the results ofthe lašt investigations in the mentioned field three importam groups of factors influencing the public confidence in the judiciary may be distinguished: 1) publicity of judicial activities, 2) duration of court proceedings, and 3) behaviour of a judge during the trial (judicial ethics). Although none of the mentioned factors may begiven a prima facie meaning, only the first one -publicity of judicial activities, directly influences all the members of general publics, yvhether involved in court proceedings or not. Although the Lithuanian judiciary evidently fulfils the task ofprotection of human rights and freedoms, public opinion remains unambiguous - judicial system lacks publicity, The concept of „publicity of judicial activities’ ’contains different meanings. For the practicing lanyer, judge, prosecutor or law student publicity of judicial activities first ofall means publicity of the court hearing and material of the case (publicity in a narrow sense), whereas for the other members of society (mostly politicians, sociologists, journalists, etc.) the concept „publicity of judicial activities" is foremost connected to the activities of courts as public institutions: their openness, transparency and accountabilily (publicity in a broad sense).[...].
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