Duomenų bazės sąvoka Europos Sąjungos ir Lietuvos Respublikos teisėje.
The aim of the article is to analyse the definition of a database which is contained in Directive 96/9 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the legal protection of databases and to compare it with the definition used in Lithuanian Law on Authors and Neighbouring rights. The definition of a database is important for several reasons. First, it sets the boundaries of the protection available for databases. Second, the definition of a database as well as many others legal definitions are ambiqous and require further explanations. Third, the authentic translation of Directive differs in some aspects from text of the Directive in other languages. Finally there is inconsistency between the definition in directive and the definition used in Lithuanian Law on Authors and Neighbouring rights. In the first part of the article the gradual development of definition of a database until its final version included in Directive is analysed. Then all the elements of definition are considered. Conclusion is given, that definition of database is extremely broad and lacks of clarity. Two requirements of a database that is „database can be in any form“ and it consist of „works, data or other materials“ make definition of a database extremely broad. Others attributes of database (collection, independent elements, systematical or methodical arrangement of elements, their capability of being individually accessed) are quite unclear and may be interpreted broadly. The last requirement that a database is not computer programs used in the making or operation of databases accessible by electronic means faces the same problem. Therefore court should exam all above mentioned attributes in every case individually.
- Articles / Straipsniai