Lietuvos administracinės ir baudžiamosios justicijos sąlyčio aspektai.
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Following the establishment of administrative courts in 1999, the lawmaker trusted upon the administrative courts the adjudication of cases, which were quite different in character: according to the Lithuanian laws, administrative courts settle cases over law in the sphere of public and local administration, as well as cases concerning the lawfulness of normative acts, and administrative offences. The proceedings in all of these cases are regulated by a single Law on Administrative Proceedings of the Republic of Lithuania, which provides only few peculiarities for the hearings of cases of different categories. It is obvious that the legal nature of the mentioned cases is very different. The proceedings, concerning the application of administrative sanctions, have especially distinctive features. Although acts in respect of which administrative responsibility is established are not considered to be crimes according to the Lithuanian national laws, in the scope of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR) they are in many cases associated with the criminal indictment of a person. Questions of incrimination sometimes also arise in cases, which are resolved according to the rules of resolution of disputes with the public administration. The identification of such cases is especially important because if the criminal nature of the case is determined, an obligation is vested on the state to ensure the observance of the rights of a person being indicted, established by the ECHR and the national laws.
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