Teisiniai lyginamieji lygtinio paleidimo iš pataisos įstaigų aspektai.
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The research topic was of the article selected intentionally. Despite the fact Lithuania adopted new Penal code in 2003, the effective model of parole system wasn’t established. Additionally, rate of parolee’s recidivism is quite high. Analyzing the content and quality of the parole system developed in Lithuania, we observe that our country is facing many problems of the conditional release implementation. Thus, parole remains one of the chief topics in an ongoing and lively discussion of the purposes and practices of the criminal justice system in our country. The author highlights existent advantages and imperfections of the Penal Code regarding parole and proposes appropriate amendments of the Code. The main aims of the research are:firstly, to disclose the content of western parole system by analyzing it in the context of legal criteria and to define the definition of parole. Secondly, to evaluate the quality of the parole system existing in Lithuania and to disclose the range off issues associated with the parole process, and, thirdly, to propose concrete efficient ways of solving parole procedure and supervision problems in Lithuania. The article analyses legal regulation of parole (conditional release) in the Republic of Lithuania and in the foreign countries (United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, and Sweden). The author reviews the variety of parole definitions in the various legal systems. Parole systems differ in various legal systems, also country to country. Thus, parole definition, decision making, supervision and revocation process in Lithuania and mentioned foreign countries, the similarities and differences thereof, are compared in this article. Regarding to this analysis the new theoretic definition of parole is proposed. Also the main features of parole and differences between similar legal institutes – parole and early discharge from punishment – are highlighted in the article.
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