Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGilienė, Renata
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-16T07:43:41Z
dc.date.available2014-10-16T07:43:41Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/health-policy-and-management/article/view/1880/2043
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/12552
dc.description.abstractClusters as a specific form of inter-organizational communication, developing a new approach to the economy and economic development, create new economic roles of business, government and non-governmental institutions, result in new communication structures in business and government, business and associated institutions. The objective of the paper is to analyze the cluster policy in Lithuania and to evaluate the effectiveness of its implementation through the medical cluster formation and development perspective. The task of the paper was to review the cluster concept prevailing in scientific literature, analyze the Lithuanian cluster policies and implementation measures, investigate the barriers of formation of clusters, evaluate the clusterization process and realities of medical companies and institutions. The object of the research is clusters policy in Lithuania. Conclusions. There is no uniform definition of a cluster in the scientific literature. The concept of clusters is treated differently, because there is no single cluster theory, there are only a number of different theories and reasoning, which try to base the logic of clusters. However, in most cases, the cluster is identified as a critical mass of companies and organizations that have achieved an outstanding success in certain areas of business, focused in a defined territory. The main reasons can be identified as hindering the clustering processes: 1) barriers arising due to market imperfections, 2) systemic imperfections arising from the policy and indirect effect of the authorities to the market operators, and 3) inadequate government action. Cluster policy as an independent competition policy is relatively new. Lithuania has no separate programming document for clustering issues so far. There is no unified cluster policy in Lithuania. Therefore, it can be stated that Lithuania is still in its target cluster policy formation stage. It is proposed to develop a unified and streamlined Lithuanian cluster policy programming document. The paper highlights the importance of continuity of ongoing national and EU structural funds incentives for the development of clustering processes. It is recommended to inform businesses about the benefits and opportunities of clustering, to publicize successful Lithuanian cluster activities and results.en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titleKlasterių politika Lietuvoje. Medicinos įmonių ir įstaigų klasterizacijaen
dc.title.alternativeCluster policy in Lithuania. Clusterization of medical companies and institutionsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltVykstant globalios ekonomikos plėtros procesams, vis didesnę reikšmę įgyja klasteriai – vienoje geografinėje teritorijoje sutelktos, tarpusavyje sąveikaujančios, vykdančios bendrą veiklą ir savo specifine veikla papildančios viena kitą įmonės ir institucijos1. Jau senokai pasaulis, Europa, o dabar ir Lietuva suvokia klasterių svarbą ekonomikai ir nacionaliniam konkurencingumui. Straipsnyje aptariamos klasterio, kaip reiškinio, ištakos, jo formavimosi prielaidos, taip pat analizuojamos mokslinėje literatūroje vyraujančios klasterio sąvokos bei jų įvairovė. Antroje dalyje analizuojama klasterių politika Lietuvoje: valstybės požiūris į klasterizacijos procesus, jų reikalingumą, apžvelgiamos klasterių kūrimosi skatinimo priemonės bei programos, jų įgyvendinimas bei kliūtys. Trečioje darbo dalyje tiriama, kaip Lietuvos klasterių politika pasireiškia medicinos įmonių ir įstaigų klasterizacijos srityje, kokios yra medicinos klasterių kūrimosi prielaidos bei trukdžiai. Ketvirtoje dalyje yra aptariamas straipsnio autorės atliktas empirinis tyrimas, kurio tikslas – išsiaiškinti, kaip įgyvendinama valstybės vykdoma klasterių politika, vertinant jos efektyvumą bei kliūtis medicinos įmonių bei įstaigų klasterizacijos aspektu. Galiausiai, pateikiamos išvados ir pasiūlymai.en
dc.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.13165/SPV-14-1-6-03en
dc.editorial.boardYraen
dc.identifier.aleph000017616en
dc.publication.sourceSveikatos politika ir valdymas, 2014, [Nr.] 1(6)en
dc.subject.facultyPolitikos ir vadybos fakultetasen
dc.subject.keywordKlasterisen
dc.subject.keywordKlasterizacijaen
dc.subject.keywordKlasterių politikaen
dc.subject.keywordMedicinos klasteriaien
dc.subject.keywordClusteren
dc.subject.keywordClusteringen
dc.subject.keywordCluster policyen
dc.subject.keywordMedical clustersen
dc.subject.publicationtypeS3en
dc.subject.sciencedirection02S - Politikos mokslaien


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record