Overview of financial contagion channels in the banking sector of the Baltic States
This article aims to determine and analyse the main features of channels of financial contagion in the banking sector of the Baltic States. The most relevant channels seem to be the risk of common lender, the channel of real estate prices, the channel of other macroeconomic shocks and the channel of volatility. This paper contributes to the further analysis of internal and external causes of financial crisis and its transmission channels in the banking sector of the Baltic States. Purpose – to indicate and explain the main problems related to the systemic risk and the channels of financial contagion in the banking sector of the Baltic States. Design/methodology/approach – general overview of research papers presenting concepts and methodologies of assessment of systemic risk of the banking sector, statistical analysis of financial data. Findings – determination of the main channels and extent of financial contagion relevant to the banking sector of the Baltic States. Research limitations/implications – the lack of information concerning the liquidity and asset structure of the banking sector of the Baltic States and the real estate prices in the Baltic States. The most common problem analysing the financial contagion and systemic risk is the lack of information (especially about the structure of liabilities and assets of financial institutions, its maturity) and the changing new banking regulatory conditions. Due to the lack of data it is impossible to create stable and reliable statistical models describing the stochastic behaviour of financial contagion. We do not take into account the political factors concerning the reforms of financial market supervision that also impact financial contagion and systemic risk ant the attitude of foreign investors towards the Baltic States. The findings of this article should ground the macro-prudential policy in the small countries of supervising institutions focussing on the external factors. Practical implications – identification of the channels of external and internal negative shocks to the banking sector of the Baltic States; useful not only for the banking executives providing business trends and officers of supervising institutions that should use not only Basel III requirements, identifying potential sources of risk in the near future, but for the rest part of the society, both ordinary citizens and entrepreneurs having current accounts and deposits in banks. Originality/Value – modelling of systemic risk and analysis of instability causes of the banking sector by applying reliable quantitative methods in Lithuania is insufficiently developed and is impossible without knowing the mechanisms of transitions of external and internal shocks on banking sector. Researchers have provided an exhaustive analysis of contagion and channels of contagion in global extent or in another cases and regions. The banking sectors of the Baltic States are essentially controlled by the same foreign banking groups and the liquidity problems faced by international financial groups could therefore spill over into the other banks in the Baltic States. This case is not exhaustively analysed by other researchers. This paper is one of the first attempts to describe and make a quantitative assessment of the financial contagion in the Baltic States. Large dependence of the banking institutions in the Baltic States on their investors means not only the simple attraction of capital flow but additional risk that can arise due to the lack of liquidity or panics of patronising financial institutions. The findings of this article should ground macro-prudential policy focussing on the external factors.
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