Nusikaltimus padariusių nedirbančių ir nesimokančių asmenų kontingento paplitimas ir asmenybės bruožai.
On the basis of the analysis of statistical data provided by Information Technology and Communication Department under the Ministry of the Interior as well as statistical and sampled data provided by Department of Statistics the article deals with prevalence and personal features of unemployed and not studying offenders contingent in Lithuania after restoration of independence. Also the review of general situation of inoccupation with mandatory studies and job, which influences criminal behaviour of unoccupied persons, is performed. However, offenders, not occupied with mandatory studies, make the minority part among unemployed and not studying ones. Persons not occupied with any labour activity are in the majority. Consequently while making the analysis of prevalence of these offenders and their main social features the comparison with unemployed offenders contingent was performed. The analysis has indicated a quick leap of comparative part of unoccupied offenders in 1990-1995 due to increased number of children abandoning comprehensive school and especially due to decline in the state labour market after restoration of independence. Though the situation in these fields has stabilized there were no marked changes of unemployed and not studying suspected persons (offenders) in the general criminality registered in 1996-2002. While performing the analysis it was ascertained that in 1990-2005 the major part, on average 58%, of defined suspected persons (offenders) were unemployed and not studying persons. This criminal structure is similar to the general criminal structure of the country: crimes to property, especially thefts, prevail; violent crimes make about 35%, comparative part of crimes related to narcotic and psychoactive drugs is increasing, criminals to public order form a similar part as in the general structure. Notwithstanding the main social features of unemployed and not studying offenders contingent differ from social features of other members of the society who are not occupied with any beneficial activities, in some cases they differ even from the persons performing general criminal acts. They commit a crime intoxicated with alcohol, narcotic or psychoactive drugs more often than other defined suspected persons (offenders), and they more often repeat an offence. Male dominate here (about 90%) but it does not correspond to the prevalence percentage by sex among all unoccupied persons where parts are quite even. Two fifths of unemployed and not studying suspected persons (offenders) are in the age under 25 years while about 70% of unemployed are older than 30 years. Unoccupied offenders are even less prepared for labour market and have lower qualification that unemployed in general. The majority part is formed by citizens of the Republic of Lithuanian but more than two thirds of defined offenders without citizenship of the country have never worked or studied.
- Straipsniai / Articles