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dc.contributor.authorKrivka, Egidijus
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-09T08:19:34Z
dc.date.available2014-10-09T08:19:34Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/jurisprudence/article/view/2722/2526
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/12377
dc.description.abstractThe article analyses scientific theories, which explain the conception of interest. It is concluded that the interaction theory is best to explain the interest in the law of civil procedure. The article objects the opinion that interests may exist in their subjective form only and that they may only be identified with their perception in the consciousness. The law of civil procedure finds the concept of objective interest more acceptable. The interest as an objective category (objective interest) expresses that what determines objectively the entrenchment of the social position of a subject of social relationships as well as positive changes of such social position. The article defines the interest as an objectively existing social need. Legal interests are discerned in classification of interests by means of their satisfaction. It is inferred that a legal interest is an objectively existing social need that is protected by law and defended by law enforcement institutions and that is formed by social conditions and satisfied by legal means. In order to analyse problems of the concept of interest in the law of civil procedure, legal interests are classified into substantive legal interests and procedural legal interests. A substantive legal interest is first of all an interest protected by subjective substantive rights. However, subjective substantive law is not the only form of protection of the interest. Its protection is guaranteed not only by subjective substantive rights: it is also secured when the court defends directly an interest protected by law in case a holder of the interest does not have any subjective substantive rights. The above attitudes enabled the author to analyse a substantive legal interest as an object of judicial protection in its broad and narrow sense. Broadly speaking, the concept “substantive legal interest” includes the interests both legitimized by subjective substantive rights and not. In their narrow sense, substantive legal interests mean social needs protected by laws and not granting their holders any subjective substantive rights: they only allow their holders to apply for judicial or other legal defence. Perception of a substantive legal interest in its broad and narrow sense allows better understanding and defining the concept of substantive legal interest and drawing corresponding conclusions. A procedural legal interest is an objectively existing, based on legal norms social need for the civil procedure. This interest is divided into an individual procedural legal interest and a public procedural legal interest. A procedural legal interest and a substantive legal interest, which is an object of judicial defence, are closely related. Their unbroken connection manifests in the fact that a procedural legal interest can exist only when there is a possibility of a substantive legal interest as an object of judicial defence. If there are no preconditions for judicial defence, such judicial proceedings have no object. Such procedure is objectless and impossible. Presence of a substantive legal interest proves the existence of a procedural legal interest.en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titleIntereso problema civilinio proceso teisėje.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltStraipsnyje atliekama intereso sampratą aiškinančių mokslinių teorijų analizė ir daroma išvada, kad sąveikos teorija geriausiai tinka aiškinant intereso sampratą civilinio proceso teisėje. Straipsnyje nustatoma, kad interesas – tai objektyviai egzistuojantis socialinis poreikis. Klasifikuojant interesus pagal jų patenkinimo priemones išskiriami teisiniai interesai. Daroma išvada, kad teisinis interesas – tai objektyviai egzistuojantis teisės saugomas ir teisėsaugos institucijų ginamas socialinis poreikis, kurį suformuoja socialinės sąlygos ir kuris patenkinamas teisinėmis priemonėmis. Siekiant ištirti intereso sampratos problemas civilinio proceso teisėje, teisiniai interesai skirstomi į materialiuosius teisinius ir procesinius teisinius interesus. Materialusis teisinis interesas – tai pirmiausia subjektinėmis materialiosiomis teisėmis saugomas interesas. Tačiau subjektinė materialioji teisė nėra vienintelė intereso apsaugos forma. Intereso apsauga garantuojama ne tik subjektinėmis materialiosiomis teisėmis, bet ir teismui ar kitoms teisėsaugos institucijoms tiesiogiai ginant įstatymų (teisės) saugomą interesą, kai atitinkamo intereso turėtojas neturi subjektinių materialiųjų teisių. Šios nuostatos leido autoriui materialųjį teisinį interesą kaip teisminės gynybos dalyką nagrinėti plačiąja ir siaurąja prasmėmis. Plačiąja prasme sąvoka „materialusis teisinis interesas“ apima tiek subjektinėmis materialiosiomis teisėmis įteisintus interesus, tiek ir taip neįteisintus interesus. Materialieji teisiniai interesai siaurąja prasme – tai socialiniai poreikiai, saugomi įstatymų nesuteikiant jų turėtojams subjektinių materialiųjų teisių, o suteikiant teisę jiems arba kitiems asmenims kreiptis teisminės arba kitokios teisinės gynybos. Materialiojo teisinio intereso suvokimas plačiąja ir siaurąja prasmėmis leidžia geriau suvokti ir apibrėžti materialiojo teisinio intereso sąvoką bei padaryti atitinkamas išvadas. Procesinis teisinis interesas – tai teisės normomis pagrįstas objektyviai egzistuojantis socialinis poreikis civiliniam procesui. Procesinis teisinis interesas yra skirstomas į individualųjį procesinį teisinį interesą ir viešąjį procesinį teisinį interesą. Tiriamas ryšys tarp materialiojo teisinio intereso ir procesinio teisinio intereso.en
dc.identifier.aleph000003072en
dc.publication.sourceJurisprudencija, 2007, Nr. 5(95)en
dc.subject.facultyTeisės fakultetasen
dc.subject.keywordInteresasen
dc.subject.keywordObjektyvusis interesasen
dc.subject.keywordTeisinis interesasen
dc.subject.keywordMaterialusis teisinis interesasen
dc.subject.keywordProcesinis teisinis interesasen
dc.subject.keywordInteresten
dc.subject.keywordObjective interesten
dc.subject.keywordLegal interesten
dc.subject.keywordSubstantive legal interesten
dc.subject.keywordProcedural legal interesten
dc.subject.publicationtypeS3en
dc.subject.sciencedirection01S - Teisėen


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