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dc.contributor.authorKenstavičienė, Kristina
dc.date.accessioned2014-10-08T08:20:54Z
dc.date.available2014-10-08T08:20:54Z
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/societal-studies/article/view/649/1950
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/12348
dc.description.abstractActions by Egyptian Defense Minister on July 3rd, 2013 raised a question on what sort of means secure democratic military control and whether a democratic state can limit and control the use of force in a democratic manner. For this reason, in comparison with constitutional provisions of other states that embody different forms of government, this article analyses the constitutional status of a state leader as a head of military forces that was infixed in the Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt of December 26th, 2012, and also what constitutional fundamentals existed for Egyptian Defense Minister to perform actions on July 3rd, 2013, or to prevent these actions from materializing. The process that at the moment is in action in Egypt is an important test for democracy, which up until now the state has been having trouble to pass. When looking at the state government system provisioned by the Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt of December 26th, 2012, it becomes clear that the Constitution lacks more visible balance of power, which in turn creates the lack of democracy. Various military councils and military forces are equal to other three state powers (legislative, executive and judicial), but in a democratic country, military institutions of the state cannot be ascribed to state government institutions and furthermore have a priority over them. On the contrary, military state institutions must be liable to civil state institutions and must be controlled by them, and their decisions must be based on decisions by civil state institutions. Actions by Egyptian Defense Minister on July 3rd, 2013 were performed in breach of constitutional provisions that were set by the nation to live in accordance with, and this Constitution was validated in a referendum. According to the Constitution, Defense Minister is not the Protector of the Constitution; furthermore, no right is provisioned for him to terminate the validity of the Constitution. The Egyptian Constitution does not provide the Defense Minister with a right to dismiss the President of the Republic from the office and to appoint a constitutional jurisdiction judge to a temporary President office. What is more, it was possible to solve a political crisis apparent in a country and to avoid breaches of the Constitution by implementing other constitutional means (noconfidence, impeachment or election institutions).en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titleEgipto gynybos ministro 2013 m. liepos 3 d. veiksmų konstituciniai pagrindai: lyginamoji analizėen
dc.title.alternativeConstitutional fundamentals of actions by Egyptian Defense Minister on July 3rd, 2013: comparative analysisen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltLiberalios demokratinės valstybės kariauja, kad apsaugotų fundamentalią valdymo formą nuo užpuolimų, ar tai būtų valstybės, besivadovaujančios skirtingais konstituciniais principais, ar teroristinės organizacijos, ketinančios sunaikinti jos integralumą1. Tačiau visuomeniniai neramumai pačios valstybės viduje ir galiausiai 2013 m. liepos 3 d. Egipto gynybos ministro veiksmai iškėlė klausimą, o kokios priemonės užtikrina demokratinę kariuomenės kontrolę, ar demokratinė valstybė gali apriboti ir kontroliuoti ginkluotųjų pajėgų panaudojimą demokratiškai. Valstybės vadžios institucijų galių pasiskirstymas (valdžių padalijimo principas) pirmiausiai įtvirtinamas konstitucijoje. Šiame straipsnyje, lyginant su kitų valstybių, įkūnijančių skirtingas valdymo formas, konstitucinėmis nuostatomis, analizuojamas 2012 m. gruodžio 26 d. Egipto Arabų Respublikos Konstitucijoje įtvirtintas valstybės vadovo, kaip vyriausiojo ginkluotųjų pajėgų vado, konstitucinis statusas ir konstituciniai pagrindai, kuriais 2013 m. liepos 3 d. turėjo vadovautis Egipto gynybos ministras.en
dc.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.13165/SMS-14-6-1-07en
dc.editorial.boardYraen
dc.identifier.aleph000017901en
dc.publication.sourceSocialinių mokslų studijos, 2014, Nr. 6(1)en
dc.subject.facultyTeisės fakultetasen
dc.subject.keywordValstybės vadovasen
dc.subject.keywordKaip vyriausiasis ginkluotųjų pajėgų vadasen
dc.subject.keywordGynybos ministrasen
dc.subject.keywordState leader as a head of military forcesen
dc.subject.keywordDefense ministeren
dc.subject.keywordMilitary leaderen
dc.subject.researchprogramme1.1.4.en
dc.subject.sciencedirection01S - Teisėen


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