Šeimos ir mokyklos įtaka nuteistųjų iki gyvos galvos už nužudymus asmenų nusikalstamo elgesio formavimuisi.
This article analyses the significance of living conditions of individuals sentenced to life for murder for their criminal behaviour. Living conditions of these individuals in family and at school as well as significance of these socialization institutions for personality formation are examined in this article. Also, past events, personality stimuli and crises that possibly determined criminal behaviour of an individual – persons committed murders for which have been sentenced to life – are discussed in this work. Cronbach’s alpha was applied to assess suitability of questionnaires used for the study. The group of individuals sentenced to life for murder was compared with the control group of individuals sentenced for thefts. The x 2 criterion was used to assess reliability of differences. In the opinion of individuals sentenced to life for murders, their living and personality formation conditions were not favourable in the family. The vast majority of sentenced to life for murder think that their parents did not care of them. Sentenced to life for murders 8 times more often do not agree with the statement that their parents paid some care of them, if to compare to individuals sentenced for thefts. Sentenced to life for murders 10 times more often thought that their parents were bad in respect to them, if to compare to individuals sentenced for thefts. Parents of sentenced to life for murder regularly used alcohol and in turn their children get used to alcohol usage. This process confirms the social learning theory and alcohol intoxication influenced the commitment of the murder. A 52.3 per cent of the sentenced to life for murder experienced violence from their parents (they were beaten, other corporal punishments were used). Individuals sentenced to life for murder 4.3 times more often experienced violence, if compared to individuals sentenced for thefts.
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