Власть вне права: правовая демагогия или политическая реальность?
Левченков, Александр Иванович
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The article deals with the legitimacy of the state government, balance and cooperation of the authority and law, power of law. The government in the transitional states (i.e. the states of the former USSR - even if they named democratic, legal, liberal) may exist without law; the government in these states might be arbitrary in content, although liberal as to the form; the government also might not be subjected to the law (political provisions are superior in relation to law). The author considers, that "vulnerable subjects" (groups, individuals, majority of the nation) need more legal stability (predictability) than any oligarchs, or bureaucracy. Democratic (in form) government in the states of the transitional type is still totalitarian (in essence). The state of such type violates the people’s rights in problematic situations (for example, during the political or economic crisis). One of the criterions for the evaluation of the legitimacy of the government is it’s relation to the law, or, more precisely, application of the established legal norms to the government itself. It is well known that sometimes the government is not following the rule of law. In case statutes are created and executed by representatives of the government and simple citizens participate in this process it is possible to speak about democratic and even legal state (instead of totalitarian). The statute must be observed by the government, while it will not be replaced by another legal provision. [...]
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