Comparative analysis of concepts “soft security” and “soft power” in EU legislation
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The aim of an article is to reveal opinions of politicians representing European Union (EU) member states concerning the concepts of “soft security” and “soft power” as well as underlying assumptions and principles in respect of the relationship between those notions and EU policy and management instruments used for increasing international influence and strengthening stability. The research, based on discourse analysis, has shown large variety of descriptions of social realities “captured” by those concepts as well as terminology in national languages used for translation of those terms that have been “imported” from Anglo-Saxon cultural-linguistic tradition. There is an overall shared understanding that the concepts of “soft security” and “soft power” reflect certain forms and patterns of social practices which exclude military dimension. In majority cases notions of “soft security” and “soft power” refer to two different sets of social realities with one of those sets being considered as generator of harmful effects and the second being presented as combination of instruments supposed to countervail, diminish or eliminate those harmful effects. “Soft power” and “soft security” related instruments are actively promoted and expanded by EU programmes and projects outside its borders. The scope and content of those social practises is very broad, while evaluation of their significance and role as policy and management tools reflects dualistic approach.
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