Europos Sąjungos sanglaudos teisinės prigimties problemos.
of Cohesion was formally introduced into the EEC Treaty by the Single European Act. In this act this provision meant that Cohesion became an implicit objective of the Treaty. However, the Treaty makes clear that Cohesion requires the reduction of disparities between the levels of the development of the various Union regions and the backwardness of the least favoured regions or islands, including rural areas. The implication is that pursuit of Cohesion and, therefore the operations of union funds are bound up with the concept of equality. The meaning of the relevant provisions may not only vary in time. Their meaning may also vary depending on the institutional context of operations. A short analysis provides the understanding of the meaning of Cohesion, which varies depending on whether legal, political, social, or economic perspectives of its definition are favoured. From a political perspective, Cohesion may be connected with the image of solidarity. It may be regarded as designed to show the value of Union membership to weaker members. From a social perspective, Cohesion may be seen as seeking the convergence of basic earnings and the equality of access to funding. From an economic perspective, Cohesion may be regarded as designed to allow all regions to contend in the internal market and in the monetary benefiting from European Union funding before paying to it. Economic perspectives, however, seem generally to have been dominating in European Union practice. [...].
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