Судебные приставы в России: история и современность.
The author analyses the rise and development of the institute of enforcement of court judgments in Russia, beginning with the court reform of 1864 till the present. The institute of enforcement of court judgments in Russia has experienced some substantial reforms due to radical tirne change, that is why its development is very interesting for legal researchers. Court bailiffs in Russia appeared during the court reform of 1864. Bailiff s activity was based on the territorial principle - districts were divided into regions, in each of which one bailiff operated This article describes the enforcement of court judgments during the Soviet period. After the Soviet October revolution of 1917, workers began establishing various institutions on their own initiative. The functions of bailiffs were implemented by commissars, militia, executive committees and even deputies of workers and soldiers. They were controlled by the courts. In 1924, when court system was changed, the institutions enforcing court judgments were not abolished. Court bailiffs were established in district courts. There were courts which did not have court bailiffs, for this reason the militia forces, tax and insurance inspectors were involved in the enforcement procedures. In 1938 when the court system was changed again, court bailiffs were placed under the highest courts of the soviet republics, also the courts of populace, district, country, region, autonomic regions. [...]
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