Atstovaujančios profesinės sąjungos statuso problemos.
The article analyses the status of a representative trade union. First of all, the principle of equality of a representative trade union and a trade union is analysed in the article. The principle of trade unions’ equality can be derived from the ILO Convention No. 87 concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise and the ILO Convention No. 144 concerning Tripartite Consultations to Promote the Implementation of International Labour Standards. A principle of trade unions’ equality is established in Article 50 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania and reiterated in Article 3 (1) of the Law on Trade Unions. In the ILO Constitution as well as in ILO conventions the definition of a "representative organisation" is used. The principle of equality of representative trade unions is not explained in the ILO legal acts concerned. However, it may be concluded from the fact that both definitions are mentioned in the same legal acts that they do not contradict each other, but - on the contrary- they are complementary. It may be concluded from the analysis of foreign practice, that an institution of a representative trade union is a certain conflict of law rule, which allows identifying the competent trade union which is able to act on behalf of workers. Several methods of representation criteria can be found in other countries. Firstly, representation criteria may be laid down in a law, like in France. [...]
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