Naujos Arkties tarptautinio teisinio reguliavimo tendencijos.
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The article presents a geographic position of the Arctic. Legal regimes of the Arctic and the Antarctic are compared. In a geographical terms, the Arctic is part of the ocean that is covered by ice, and Antarctic is a continent covered by ice which is surrounded by an ocean. It follows that Arctic should be considered a part of the world’s ocean, which is governed by 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Currently, a sectoral regime is established in the Arctic. The article analyzes the views of international law scholars on the issue and shares an opinion of those who criticize sectoral regime of the Arctic as incompatible with international law. Yet, what principles should underpin legal regime of the Arctic? Recent scholarly writings have considered a concept of common heritage of mankind. The article discusses the concept of common heritage of mankind. In the view of the author, this concept can be applied only to specific maritime areas but not to Arctic in its entirety. The article further thoroughly discusses Russia’s practice as regards its claims regarding the continental shelf of the Arctic. Furthermore, it evaluates the grounds of Russia’s policy in the Arctic until 2020 and also examines Russia’s application for extension of continental shelf in the Arctic and the Pacific Oceans. The article ends with conclusions.
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