Psichologinės gynybos stiliai: psichosocialinio prisitaikymo analizė
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The relation between the use of defense mechanisms and psychological functioning was examined in 154 adults (52 male and 102 female). The study used DSQ (Bond et al., 1983), ASEBA/ASR (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2003) and RSE (Rosenberg, 1965). The results of our study support the hypothesis that adaptive defense style is associated with adult adaptive functioning. Higher scores in good relations with spouse/partner and success at work correlate with higher ratings in level of adaptive defense style. There is a relationship between adult use of maladaptive action defenses and low job satisfaction. Correlation analysis indicates that adults who rely on maladaptive action or image-distorting defenses report higher levels of self-rated internalizing, externalizing behavior problems, and total problems (ASR). Adults who use the self-sacrificing defense style exhibit a higher level of internalizing symptoms (anxiety, depressivity, somatic complaints) and total problems. Results of the present study indicate that higher levels of maladaptive action and self-sacrificing defense style are associated with lower self-esteem. Women more often then men use the self-sacrificing defense style. There are also differences in adaptive defense style depending on adult marital status and level of education.
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