Poverty, provision of assistance and work: the case of Turkey
Gül, Songül Sallan
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The paper questions whether the receipt of poverty assistance stifles the incentive to participate in the labour market and leads to dependency among aid recipients. For this purpose, several indicators are analyzed including the profiles and attitudes of the poor, the sufficiency and types of poverty assistance, the conditions of the labour market, poverty assistance and work linkages. The data used in the study come from a research funded by the United Nations Development Programme and conducted with the support of the General Directorate of Social Assistance and Solidarity in three provinces in Turkey. The findings of the study suggest that the receipt of poverty assistance does not necessarily reduce the incentives to work. The issue is much more complex, and low-wage labour market conditions and the traits of the poor are associated with the receipt of aid and the work attitudes of the poor. The study is expected to contribute to the understanding of the problem of poverty, the work attitudes of the poor and the system of poverty assistance in Turkey as well as the ways of using social assistance more effectively and include or keep the poor in the labour market.
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