Privalomo autorių ir gretutinių teisių kolektyvinio administravimo teoriniai ir praktiniai aspektai.
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If copyright and related rights were administered only by their owners individually the civil circulation of these rights would be far less intensive. Furthermore, the development of certain businesses based on commercial uses of copyright and related rights would be hardly imaginable. Collective management organizations are effective intermediaries between the owners of copyright and related rights and the users of the subject matter of copyright and related rights. Three main models of collective management of copyright and related rights can be distinguished: mandatory collective management, presumption-based or implied collective management and extended collective management. In Lithuanian national law, only the mandatory collective management model is established. Mandatory collective management and implied (presumption-based) collective management can be applied only in the following cases: to collectively manage the copyright and related rights which are not exclusive by their nature but merely rights to remuneration; to collectively manage the right to compensation (remuneration) for exceptions to exclusive rights established in line with the three-step test; to collectively manage exclusive copyright and related rights once limitations on the execution of these exclusive rights are expressively allowed by international treaties. The scope of the application of compulsory collective management of copyright and related rights can be broadened by applying the extended collective management mechanism for the types of uses of subject matter of copyright and related rights for which individual management is very complicated or there is objective public interest for applying such a legal mechanism. Laws currently in force put cable retransmission in more advantageous position in comparison to retransmission over other platforms (technologies). However, there currently is no significant difference in which retransmission technology is used for the exploitation of the subject matter of copyright and related rights. Thus, laws currently in force need to be changed to apply the compulsory management mechanism for all retransmission rights irrespective of the technologies used. Article 10 of Council Directive 93/83/EEC of 27 September 1993 on the coordination of certain rules concerning copyright and rights related to copyright applicable to satellite broadcasting and cable retransmission is not appropriately transposed into Lithuanian national law. Thus, the requirement set out in this article of the directive must be transposed into national law.
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