Teisės vykdyti formalųjį profesinį mokymą administracinis teisinis reglamentavimas (antikorupcinis vertinimas).
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During an economic crisis, increased competition in the market, declining manufacturing, and increased unemployment may encourage some entities to claim allocation of equipment and personnel for vocational education and training in an attempt to enter into or strengthen their position in the vocational education and training services market. They may use various means, including lobbying or even corrupt methods to acquire the right to provide such services and thus claim national budget funds or resources of the National Employment Fund. Formal vocational education and training may be exercised only with an appropriate license. The process of granting of these licenses should be regulated effectively. Procedures should be transparent, evaluation criteria should be well-defined, the indicators— measurable, and the evaluation—reliable and valid. The following issues were tackled in this study. Firstly, the authors analysed the anticorruption aspect of administrative legal regulation of the right to carry out formal vocational education and training. Secondly, we argued that the lack of ongoing anti-corruption evaluation of the administrative legal regulation and gaps in regulation constitute the preconditions for the rise of corruption. Thirdly, the study presents recommendations for the development of regulation and reducing of the risk of corruption. Formal vocational education is an activity licensed under legal acts, and therefore falls in the area of corruption risk. The legal acts regulating this area should be evaluated from the perspective of anti-corruption. There is no public information concerning such ongoing anti-corruption evaluation. Anti-corruption evaluation is not exercised or, if exercised, is not effective because deficiencies in applicable legal acts underlie this corruption. The article uses documentary analysis, systemic and comparative analysis. These methods allow us to conclude that the applicable legal acts establish only general (not specific) requirements for the providers of vocational education and training. Their ability to implement formal vocational education and training programs may be unreliable or unfounded, because evaluation is based on the subjective personal opinion of an expert. There is no foreseen liability of the experts carrying out the assessment for decisions they make. The assessment process and the procedures themselves are neither public nor transparent. Besides, legal administrative regulation does not foresee remedies with effective anti-corruption capacity: reconsideration, review or process control mechanisms. The licensing rules foresee a mechanism for the observation of licensed activity already underway. However, the conditions defined for the suspension of a license or its withdrawal are inadequate. Regulation concerned with anti-corruption assessment does not include executives of institutions outside of the public administrative sector and executives of institutions functioning in the lower levels of corruption risk. This area of regulation, therefore, requires substantial improvement. The article provides specific proposals for improvements to administrative legal regulation that would ensure transparent procedures, precise evaluation criteria, and reliable and valid assessment during the entire licensing process.
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