Teisingo apmokėjimo už darbą principo įgyvendinimo bruožai
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The author chose to write this article due to the demand for theoretical analysis of the regulation in the legal norms of principle of fair pay for work. The aim of the scientific research is to reveal the essential implementation features of the fair pay for work principle. The conclusion is drawn in the article that the fair pay for work principle covers the definition of fair pay for accomplished work, as the principle determines aims, content and validity ground of legal norms regulating fair pay for accomplished work. The fair pay for work principle at the international level is determined in International Labor Organization Conventions—content of employees rights to fair pay is revealed by Article 4 of the European Social Charter enacted within European Council frames. Elements of the principle of fair pay for work at the regional level are implemented in primary and secondary EU law. The establishment of norms, whose goal is to implement fair pay for work in international agreements allows the statement that this principle is a principle of international labor law, as well implemented on regional level—legal acts of the European Union. The principle of fair pay for work covers not only the implementation of employee’s rights set in Article 4 of the European Social Charter, but also unity of labor evaluation criteria and elements, fundamental equity laws in payment for work, and the relation with other labor law principles (notification of employees, the right to timely salary payment, the principle of nondiscrimination). It is set in the Constitution as a material element of every person’s behavior.Therefore, the implementation of fair pay for work principle arises from international law, indirectly enabling the state to pursue and execute assumed obligations and regulate its own behavior in respect of each other (pacta sunt servanda principle), taking into account international law implied sanctions (reprisals), as well from the Constitution, determining and enabling the application of legal norms in implementing it, taking into account the content of implemented legal principles. After Lithuania gained independence, the criteria for fair pay for accomplished work in legal acts has changed—payment for work according to the amount and quality of accomplished work, results of work, and criteria of a company’s economic activity were supplemented by the criteria of pay for work dependence from demand and supply in the labor market. The regulation of a variable part of payment for work was liberalized by a declining in detailed governmental regulation.
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