Šeimos politikos formavimo problemų analizė.
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There is a lack of research in the sphere of family policy formation in Lithuania. Besides, there are not enough studies dealing with a comparison of the problems of family policy formation in Lithuania and other countries. In order to fill this gap, the goal of the present article is to analyse and compare the processes of family policy formation in the Baltic States and Poland. The author of the article presents the results of Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian and Polish experts’ interviews, which were carried out in 2006-2007. Semi-structured interviews with 12 experts (7 experts from Lithuania, 3 from Latvia, 3 from Estonia and 3 from Poland) were conducted through face-to-face meetings or by telephone focusing on the peculiarities of family policy formation processes in each country. The experts represented the elite of the field of family policy formation: policy makers and researchers.The limited scope of the article does not allow presenting the whole picture of the process of family policy formation. Therefore, the article focuses on the problems of family policy formation that deal with situation analysis as well as family policy monitoring and evaluation.Research data show that not enough analysis is done before making decisions in forming family policy in Lithuania, Latvia and Poland. As a result, policy makers concentrate on the development of separate family policy measures instead of developing the whole system of measures.The other aspect of policy formation process analysed in the research is the monitoring and evaluation of family policy. Research data show that the monitoring and evaluation of family policy is one of the weakest points of the policy formation process in the researched countries. All the experts underlined difficulties in measuring the effectiveness of family policy and the necessity to monitor not separate measures but the whole system of measures. According to experts, the monitoring and evaluation of family policy in the researched countries is insufficient.In general, the analysis of the experts’ attitude shows that insufficient situation analysis, inadequate cooperation between scientists and politicians, lack of attention to the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of family policy measures make it difficult to learn from mistakes and to design an efficient family policy.
- Straipsniai / Articles