Tarptautinių baudžiamosios justicijos standartų realizavimo aspektai vykdant laisvės atėmimą.
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In this article, an attempt is made to reveal the problem of the compliance of criminal and penitentiary policies with international standards of criminal justice in the execution of the imprisonment sentence. It reveals the importance of international standards for the national penal system as well as the legal and institutional preconditions and opportunities for the improvement of the effectiveness of custody and sentences related to imprisonment. As Lithuania cannot copy the social policies, models and law (as well as the criminal justice system) of other countries, international standards for the development of criminal justice is one of the most important and innovative ideas in the area in question, because they are based on generally accepted contemporary thinking and internationally accepted ideas. In the context of international standards for the treatment of convicts, the aim of this article is to analyse the political, legal and organizational conditions and to reveal the opportunities for the realization of these relevant standards in Lithuania. The analysis of some of the European Union (EU) best practices revealed inconsistencies of the Lithuanian law and custodial practice with international standards for the treatment of convicts. The author of the article reviews the development of the policy of imprisonment in Lithuania, laws and development prospects of criminal justice as well as the practice of institutions responsible for criminal justice. Also, the author examines the reasons for the unfavourable solutions and evaluations of the European Committee against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) as well as the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on the ill-treatment of detainees, convicts’ living conditions, health services, etc. The analysis of the practice of imprisonment in the context of international standards and the application of these standards in EU countries indicates that there is a need to review the criminal policies, laws and the implementation of the laws regarding custody and imprisonment in Lithuania. International standards for the treatment of prisoners and the good practice of some European countries calls for an effective practical implementation of some approved methods of successful integration of convicts into society together with the removal of unnecessary restrictions on certain categories of convicts’ contact with the outside world and the use of different types of leave for offenders.
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