Lietuvos nepriklausomybės atkūrimas 1990 m. Kovo 11 d. kaip politikos formavimo modelio pritaikymo idealus pavyzdys.
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The article presents the conception of the process of public policy analysis of public policy scientists. The author has chosen the political process model of William N. Dunn, 2006, and, considering it as an ideal, analyses the public policy events in Lithuania before 11 March 1990 and on 11 March 1990 and proves that these events in Lithuania are an ideal example of the application of a policy formation model. The author applies the theoretical model of the public policy process to the case of Lithuania in 1990 by using the method of comparative analysis. The public policy formation model of Lithuania is analyzed based on authors, who are researchers of the public policy process—historians and contemporaries, participants of the declaration of the Act of Independence of 11 March 1990. This article seeks to present the Lithuanian discourse of the public policy analysis.The problem (the public policy process, going on in Lithuania and related to the restoration of independence in 1990) corresponds to the chosen theoretical model (that we consider to be ideal) of the political process analysis. The aim of this article is to add to the bibliography of scientific articles, which analyse the practical expression of theoretical models, and to show that public policy before the adoption of the Act of the Restoration of Independence of March 11 and during its adoption corresponded to the ideal model of the public policy process. Seeking to reach this aim we will solve the following tasks: we will discuss the conception of an ideal model of the public policy process; we will substantiate, why events of Lithuanian public policy, related to the Act of the Restoration of Independence of Lithuania of March 11, correspond to one of the ideal models of the public policy process, and we will reveal several methods of the political process analysis that were expressed during the restoration of independence in Lithuania on March 11. The article analyses how William N. Dunn’s phases of public policy were expressed in the public policy of Lithuania before March 11, 1990, and after the declaration of independence. Dunn’s phases of public policy are: agenda setting (selected and appointed officials formulate an agenda and add problems to it), policy formulation (an alternative problem solving policy is formulated), policy introduction (the necessary laws are being passed), policy implementation (administrative subdivisions mobilize resources and human resources), policy assessment (certain structures identify, whether the policy has reached the goals), policy correction (the necessary changes are executed), policy continuation (it is acknowledged that the policy has lost its topicality, and new goals are emerging), and policy termination (people, responsible for assessment and supervision, determine that the policy is not necessary anymore). The main conclusion is that having analysed the public policy process in Lithuania twenty years ago, we see that it corresponds to the ideal model of the public policy process; therefore it is a precedent that should be followed in Lithuanian public policy, making politics more professional and regarding theoretical models of the public policy process when making decisions.
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