Vaistinių veiklos teisinis reglamentavimas Lietuvoje racionalaus vaistinių preparatų vartojimo aspektu.
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When Lithuania entered the EU, the majority of EU laws regulating pharmaceutical practice implementation into Lithuanian Law was attempted. The amount of requirements and new laws regulating pharmacy practice determined the hasty preparation and incompleteness of national laws. Moreover, the rapid change of the economical, social and political situation caused problems while implementing the laws. Subject-matter: rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations according pharmacy practice legal regulation in Lithuania. The aim of the research is to analyze and evaluate the laws of the Republic of Lithuania, regulating rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations, to define inadequacies that disturb the implementation of national medicaments’ policy’s main goals; to submit recommendations in order to improve the legal acts that regulate pharmacy practice in the Republic of Lithuania. The article analyzes the concept of rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations. Legal acts are being analyzed only from the perspective of how they influence pharmacy practice while implementing the main goal of national policy of the medicine of the Republic of Lithuania that rationally provides residents with qualified, safe and effective medicaments and provide pharmaceutical service of appropriate quality, without violating personal and social interests.The introduction analyses the problematic situation in Lithuania’s law system. Legal Acts encourage pharmacies to provide qualitative pharmaceutical service, while this is often served not well enough and more attention is paid to business development and not to the patient’s health. Therefore, legal reglamentation does not secure the efficiency of Legal Acts. The first chapter analyses the pharmaceutical preparations’ rational consumption concept in the Lithuanian Legal Acts. It is important to stress that at present none of Lithuanian Legal Acts present “rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations’” concept, although there are references towards “rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations” in Legal Acts. The concept of “rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations” in the republic of Lithuania’s legal system has appeared recently. Legal Acts reglamenting the activities of pharmacie are complex in their nature, as they regulate social, legal, economic relations. Rational usage of the pharmaceutical preparations’ concept should be clearly defined in the republic of Lithuania’s legal system in order to avoid legal collisions in Legal Acts’ interpretation process. The second chapter presents the problems of legal regulations of rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations. It is stated that present legal regulations leave gaps for misapplication, negligence or superficial execution of pharmaceutical services, when it is being worked towards the business benefit and not the patient’s benefit. Analysis of the Lithuanian Legal Acts’ proves that regulation of pharmaceutical practice must be improved in the Lithuanian legal system in the aspect of rational usage of pharmaceutical preparations. This article presents four concrete recommendations to improve The Republic of Lithuania’s Legal Acts.
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