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dc.contributor.authorMikėnė, Svajonė
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-17T13:40:04Z
dc.date.available2013-12-17T13:40:04Z
dc.date.issued2013-12-17
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/societal-studies/article/view/529/492
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/10891
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this article is to analyse and to compare the present situation of women in Azerbaijan and Lithuania in the most important spheres of societal life: politics, education, and labour market. The article reviews legal means, ensuring gender equality de jure, statistical data and societal attitudes’ surveys. The choice of countries is based on a few criteria: 1) joint experience of the Soviet era and the levelling impact of Soviet policy, ideology; 2) the same duration of the transition period which is characterised by the same peculiarities: shift from a totalitarian system to democratic regime, from centralized to market economy, from strictly regulated norms of freedom to consolidation of human rights (including gender equality); 3) the same meaning of gender equality as an inseparable part of human rights; 4) ten years of both countries actively cooperating in politics, economics, education, which, hopefully, will have a positive impact on embodying gender equality policy in Azerbaijan. However, it should be mentioned, that all countries of the post-soviet bloc have social, economic, cultural, religious differences, therefore one cannot eliminate the influence of cultural traditions and norms for the status of women in the two countries. The results of the research show that political participation of women in both analysed countries is relatively low due to social attitudes and difficulties experienced in reconciling political activities with family life and lack of education. Participation of women in the labour market in both countries is characterised by high level of employment and deep horizontal professional segregation. The high level of employment of women is partially related to the necessity determined by the economical situation to contribute to the family’s maintenance. Though, for Lithuanian women jobs are also a sphere of self-realization, but the family is a smaller obstacle for participation in the labour market and for making a professional career. In Lithuania professional segregation is much lower. The article comes to the conclusion that existing differences of the status of gender in both countries are related to the influence of patriarchal attitudes, still prevailing gender role stereotypes and practical problems of reconciling work and family life. The better status of Lithuanian women in all the analysed spheres, first of all, is related to the weaker expression of the above-mentioned attitudes and stereotypes. The investigation shows that the main obstacles which impede implementation of gender equality in practice lie in Islamic cultural traditions, which are more favourable for the prevalence of patriarchal attitudes. In order to improve the status of women, it is suggested that more attention be given to education on gender equality and to special means applied at the national level, inducing equal opportunities for both genders.en
dc.language.isolten
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titleMoterų padėtis Azerbaidžane ir Lietuvoje : lyčių lygybės aspektas.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.description.abstract-ltStraipsnio tikslas – išanalizuoti ir palyginti dabartinę moterų padėtį lyčių lygybės aspektu Azerbaidžane ir Lietuvoje svarbiausiose visuomeninio gyvenimo srityse – politikoje, švietimo srityje, darbo rinkoje. Straipsnyje apžvelgiamos teisinės priemonės lyčių lygybei užtikrinti bei statistiniai duomenys, kitų autorių atlikti visuomenės nuostatų tyrimai. Tyrimo rezultatai rodo, kad moterų politinis dalyvavimas abiejose šalyse yra santykinai žemas dėl visuomenės nuostatų, sunkumų derinant politinę veiklą ir šeimyninį gyvenimą, išsilavinimo stokos. Moterų dalyvavimas darbo rinkoje abiejose šalyse pasižymi gilia horizontalia profesine segregacija. Lietuvoje yra žymiai mažesnė vertikali profesinė segregacija. Tyrime daroma išvada, kad abiejose šalyse egzistuojantys lyčių padėčių skirtumai susiję su patriarchalinių nuostatų įtaka, tebevyraujančiais lyčių vaidmenų stereotipais bei praktinėmis darbo ir šeimyninio gyvenimo derinimo problemomis. Geresnė moterų padėtis Lietuvoje visose analizuotose srityse visų pirma siejama su minėtų nuostatų ir stereotipų silpnesne raiška. Siekiant pagerinti moterų padėtį, siūloma didesnį dėmesį skirti švietimui lyčių klausimais bei specialioms valstybės lygiu taikomoms priemonėms, skatinančioms lygias moterų ir vyrų galimybes, dalyvaujant analizuotose visuomenės gyvenimo srityse.en
dc.date.published2012
dc.identifier.aleph000012223en
dc.publication.sourceSocialinių mokslų studijos, 2012, Nr. 4(3)en
dc.subject.facultySocialinės politikos fakultetasen
dc.subject.keywordLyčių lygybėen
dc.subject.keywordMoterų politinis aktyvumasen
dc.subject.keywordDarbo rinkaen
dc.subject.keywordGender equalityen
dc.subject.keywordWomen participation in politicsen
dc.subject.keywordEducationen
dc.subject.sciencedirection05S - Sociologijaen


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