Subsidiarumo principas kaip priemonė civilizacijų tapatumui suvokti
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The paper discusses the importance of the subsidiarity principle to the regulation of the global processes. It also analyzes the role of the subsidiary principle as a fundamental principle of the European Union legal framework in the perception of the identity of the civilizations as well as its influence on political-legal systems. Not only does the paper emphasize the importance of this principle to the European identity, but it also discloses the role of the idea of the subsidiarity, which was played in legal and social consciousness of the communities attributed to the Western and Eastern civilizations. The principle of subsidiarity is used here as a tool to disclose the identity of the civilisations and differences among them. Simultaneously, its positive role is highlighted in the global community’s solution of different kinds of conflicts (ideological, economic, religious or cultural) that arise among nations, countries or different civilisations. This article is aimed to demonstrante that reception of the principle of subsidiarity and it‘s institutionalization in the European Union and national legal frameworks are not accidental. The tools of legislative regulation based on this principle prevent global system from disregarding cultural differences. At the same time, it does not allow local identity to destroy the world unity. Thus, unified social systems can perfectly coexist withnational, regional and local units, the latter ones maintaining their organizational structure and cultural traditions. Subsidiarity idea combining opposites makes sense as a principle of creating this diversity in unity, which ensures the integrity of autonomous structures making up the whole, preserving national, regional and cultural specificities of countries and people around the globe. The support of these processes provides the public with the opportunity to discover effective forms for the realization of self-organization and implementation of their needs and developing appropriate social structures and legal institutions regulating their activity. Through the examination of the concept of subsidiarity and aspects of its practical application in organizations, the article discusses the polarities of the different structure and management forms of the institutionalization of the principle of subsidiarity in the countries and its effect in the formation of the governance levels in the state, showing how balance of powers is achieved based on the subsidiarity principle, creating an effective mechanism of function distribution (determination of exclusive competencies) and their implementation (institutional interaction, their operational control). In structuring the institutional systems of the organization of the state, the subsidiarity concept is complemented with the elements of the management system decentralization, democratization, federalism and regional and local self-governments.
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