Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorJanužytė, Audronė
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-15T09:58:32Z
dc.date.available2013-07-15T09:58:32Z
dc.date.issued2013-07-15
dc.identifier.urihttps://www3.mruni.eu/ojs/societal-studies/article/view/383/367
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.mruni.eu/handle/007/10552
dc.description.abstractIn the apogee of nationalism, i.e. in the period following World War I marked by the creation of the nation state of Lithuania, at first the establishment of national Vilnius University and later the founding of the University of Lithuania were seen as a government priority goal associated with the consolidation of the underlying elements of the nation state. The aim and originality of the article, which is based on the methods of document and comparative analysis, lie in the attempt to divide the policy of science and higher education in the first Republic of Lithuania into stages and define them through the inquiry into national and transnational scientific and educational interests posed by politicians in creation of the nation state of Lithuania and international correlations in favour of higher education in Lithuania searched out in the European sphere. The article raises several questions. First, did the politicians manage to escape ethnocentrism and remain unbiased in science and education-related issues or were state and national interests predominant in the sphere of science and education? Second, what was the role played by the active position of the society which pursued conformity of science and education with contemporary European standards? Third, to what extent professors and scholars were able to participate in the European academic life? The author of the article divides science and higher education policy in the first Republic of Lithuania into fourth main stages. The first stage is related to the establishment of the Lithuanian Vilnius University and covers the period of the German occupation starting from autumn of 1915 and ending in the beginning of 1919. Two different conceptions and strategies of the Lithuanian Vilnius University developed by politicians may be distinguished at this stage. The first conception involved the founding of a secular and autonomous Vilnius University, open to national minorities, whereas the second conception favoured a national Catholic Vilnius University with limited rights of self-rule. Supporters of the first strategy suggested that the opening of the national Vilnius University was rescheduled and the required specialists were educated at foreign universities. Proponents of the second strategy requested immediate opening of the Lithuanian Vilnius University as the country was lacking of well-qualified specialists and foreign universities were unable to educate sufficient numbers of civil servants and economy specialists of various levels; the second stage covers the period from 1919 marked by the loss of Vilnius and its region and the possibility to re-establish Vilnius University by the opening of the University of Lithuania on 16 February 1922. This stage is characterised by the divergence of opinions expressed by political parties, governments, and the academic society regarding higher education in Lithuania. Governments and political parties agreed to put on hold the establishment of the university and confine to the preparation of specialists at foreign universities on the basis of state grants. The academic society, however, held an opposing opinion on the abovementioned issue and initiated the establishment of a private university type school, namely the Advanced Courses in Kaunas; the third stage is related to the founding of the University of Lithuania and covers the period from the opening of the University of Lithuania on 16 February 1922 to the establishment of new universities in the early 1930s. This stage is characterised by the fact that political parties managed to reach a compromise regarding the founding of the University of Lithuania in Kaunas, i.e. the university was intended to meet the interests of both the nation state and [...]
dc.language.isoltlt
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.titleNacionaliniai ir tarptautiniai aukštojo mokslo ir studijų interesai Pirmosios Lietuvos Respublikos laikotarpiult
dc.typeArticlelt
dc.description.abstract-ltNacionalizmo apogėjaus laikotarpiu, t. y. kai po Pirmojo pasaulinio karo buvo kuriama tautinė Lietuvos valstybė, iš pradžių Vilniaus universiteto atkūrimas, vėliau Lietuvos universiteto steigimas tampa viena iš vyriausybių prioritetinių veiklos sričių ir siejamas su tautinės valstybės pagrindų įtvirtinimu. Straipsnyje nagrinėjama, kokie nacionaliniai ir tarptautiniai aukštojo mokslo ir studijų interesai dominavo besikuriančioje tautinėje valstybėje ir kokių sąsajų dėl naujai steigiamo universiteto politikai ieškojo europinėje aukštojo mokslo erdvėje. Pagrindinis to meto Lietuvos politikų tikslas buvo rasti geriausią universiteto modelį Europoje ir juo vadovaujantis kurti universitetą Lietuvoje. Straipsnyje analizuojama keletas klausimų. Pirma, ar politikams pavyko išvengti etnocentrizmo ir likti nešališkiems aukštojo mokslo ir studijų klausimais, ar vis dėlto mokslo ir studijų srityje dominavo valstybiniai ir tautiniai interesai. Antra, kokią reikšmę turėjo aktyvi visuomenės pozicija, siekiant, kad mokslas ir studijos atitiktų to meto europinius standartus. Trečia, kaip profesoriai ir mokslininkai įsiliejo į tarptautinę europinę erdvę.
dc.date.published2013
dc.identifier.aleph14394lt
dc.publication.sourceSocialinių mokslų studijos, 2013, Nr. 5(2)
dc.subject.fakultetasPolitikos ir vadybos fakultetaslt
dc.subject.keywordUniversitetaslt
dc.subject.keywordMokslaslt
dc.subject.keywordStudijoslt
dc.subject.keywordUniversitylt
dc.subject.keywordScienceslt
dc.subject.keywordStudieslt
dc.subject.sciencedirection05H - Istorijalt


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record